This session screens three films that tell the story of three men, who are strongly identified with the architecture that they have produced in their homeland, being acknowledged as having played a leading role. In Camboja, we find a positive example of that identification, through Vann Molyvann (b.1926), in the film The Man Who Built Cambodia. His work is associated with the country’s journey towards independence, having developed a distinctive architectural style, New Khmer Architecture. In Slovakia, in Square Vs. Circle, we find the opposite example, by getting to know Ivan Matušík (b.1930), an architect who played a significant role in the 1960s with buildings that strongly embody the communist development in Slovakia but that since the end of Communist rule in Czechoslovakia in 1989, and after the separation between the Slovak Republic and the Czech Republic, in 1993, are at risk of being unpreserved. Should the work of architects done during the communist era be preserved or should a country’s past be destroyed in order to renew itself? The Mirror, tells us about modernist architect Luigi Moretti (1907-1973), who also worked closely with the Fascist government of Italy, as a designer, during Mussolini’s regime (1928-1948). After the Second World War, he became one of the pioneers in computer-based architecture and worked extensively in order to connect diﬀerent art forms (architecture, sculpture, painting, film and theatre) believing that to be the future of architecture. Still, his acknowledgment is tainted by his far-right political affiliations, where ethical questions come to surface.